Renewable Energies: new records
The various technical reports established this year show that with the growth of the renewable energies sector in developing countries, new records of global renewable energies capacity have been achieved in 2013 and early 2014. The electrical capacity from renewable resources has had , for its part , an increase of over 8% in 2013; it represents over 56 % of new capacities of electrical production.
World capacity production in renewable energies exceeded 1560 gigawatts ( GW). Now, renewables contribute about 22.1 % of global electricity production , slightly more than a fifth. Hydroelectricity comes first (16.4%) , wind power (2.9%) , bioenergy and biofuels (1.8%) , solar PV (0.7%) , geothermal the concentrating solar power (CSP) and the energy of the ocean ( 0.4%). This considerable progress is drained by support policies adopted by developing countries , which have helped to counteract the decline in some European countries and the United States . Worldwide, 6.5 million people including 2.6 million in China and nearly a million in Brazil , directly or indirectly, worked in the renewable energies sector in 2013. About Algeria, 2014 was a pivotal year for renewable energy with the promulgation of legal texts setting the feed-in tariffs for electricity produced from plants using solar PV and energy wind turbine. These incentives, so waited, are going to give a new moose to the sectorof the renewable energies in our country.
This year was also marked by the putting into service of a wind farm of 10 megawatts in Adrar and a multi-technology photovoltaic experimental power plant of 1,1 megawatts in Ghardaïa. Besides, about twenty PV power plants will be installed, by the end of the year, in highlands and in the Southern regions. On the other hand, several Algerian projects of factories of photovoltaic panels production were born this year.
The EPST CDER should be more involved in this process and involve its technical and research staff in the implementation of national energy policies and contribute thus to face the various issues which are imperative in this domain.
Prof. Noureddine Yassaa, Director of the Renewable Energies Development Center EPST